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Bladder Infections or Urinary Tract Infections can cause great discomfort in your pet. This issue
may be an ongoing problem for your pet based on breed/gender, anatomical issue, urination
position or may happen infrequently. Once any of these signs appear, it is best to schedule an
appointment for your pet immediately.

What to look out for:
• Frequent urination
• Accidents in the house
• Discoloured urine
• Excessive licking at genitals or lower abdomen (with or without hair loss in the area)
• Incontinence or painful urinations
In-Clinic Diagnostic Tools
• Urine Dipstick
o Individual pads that reflect different urine components that are sensitive when
urine comes into contact.
• Refractometer
o Indicates the concentration of the urine in value form in which can relay how the
Kidneys are concentrating the urine.
• Urinalysis
o This can show values that indicate an overgrowth of bacteria, appearance of
crystal, increase of red blood cells and white blood cells. With our SediVue
diagnostic machine this can capture images of abnormal or an abundance of
material in the urine.

• Medication or diet change recommended by the DVM at the time of the appointment.
• Radiographs
o If a high level of crystals is reported, or if your pet currently is straining to urinate,
radiographs are used to indicate any build-up of stones in the bladder.

URINARY BLOCKAGE IS AN EMERGENCY and may require cystotomy surgery. If you notice this
behaviour please call immediately, or for after hours, go to your nearest Emergency Clinic.
If you think your pet is experiencing any urination issues or abnormal behaviour, please notify us.

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